족두리 Jokduri

General facts

 

Jokduri (also known as jokdu or jokgwan) is a type of Korean traditional coronet worn by women during the wedding ceremony. It is formed of an outer crown, covered with black silk and an inner one, filled with cotton and hard paper, being  generally used as an accessory. The top part is vaguely hexagonal and the bottom one is cylindrical ( it gets narrower from the top to  the bottom) . The top of it is decorated with various ornaments (including those made of gold or silver).

 

History

 

It is said that the jokduri comes from gogori, the Mongolian women’s hat. The first documentary certification of it, on Korean territory, is from the late Goryeo period.It began to be used at marriages between Goryeo and the Yuan Dynasty. The jokduri, during the Koryeo Dynasty, is assumed to have been bigger and higher than the one used during the Joseon Dynasty when it became smaller and there was no important difference between the top and the bottom.  During the reign of  Kwanghaegun, black silk was used for capping, while the purple one for clothing. After women started to use jokduri, it turned into a national style. In the late Joseon, during the reign of Yeongjo ( 1724- 1776) and of Jeongjo (1776-1800),the wearing of gache ( gache= wig) by women was prohibited, but, instead, they were encouraged to wear the jokduri. In 1788, the twelfth year of king Jeongjo`s reign, he prohibited the excessive use of ornaments on jokduri and ordered that the clothing be black. There were different types of jokduri, like those for weddings, for funerals, or those used daily for the court.

Source: wikipedia

To Romanian by : Admin Yun-hee& Kang Hyeon-jae

Translated into English by Florentina Teodora

 

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